Few people have seen the entire reef – it’s 3,000km long! Each part of the reef is unique, but those who have visited even one corner of this amazing underwater world talk in wonder of the exquisite, vibrant colours and shapes of diverse marine life. Diving the reef is almost like stepping into a parallel universe, experiencing a vision that inspires awe and respect for nature. I have a personal fondness for the reef, having worked up and down its length in my early 20′s, mapping the reef for the Australian bid for UNESCO World Heritage status, given in 1981.
Archive for ‘Pollution from Agriculture’
Cattle – not climate change – killing the Great Barrier Reef
Sunday, July 28th, 2013
Shorter Lived Climate Forcers: Agriculture Sector and Land Clearing for Livestock
Wednesday, August 10th, 2011
In this video presentation, Gerard Wedderburn-Bisshop, World Preservation Foundation Senior Scientist, puts forward the case for how, with the devastating effects of climate change being felt ever-more quickly and with increasing intensity, the importance of embracing fast-acting solutions to mitigate climate change has increased dramatically.
In recent years, greater understanding of climate science has advanced considerably, and scientists and even policy makers now recognise that climate change in the short term is being driven by extremely potent, shorter-lived climate forcers. By reducing these climate forcers — namely black carbon, methane and tropospheric ozone — cooling begins rapidly.
Globally, the production of meat and dairy are significant contributors of these fast warming agents with far reaching consequences on planetary warming and environmental devastation. These include the major effects of black carbon due to biomass burning, on West Antarctica as well as the tropical monsoons; deforestation; soil carbon loss; and, food and water security. It’s estimated that 47% to 60% of the black carbon reaching West Antarctica and causing rapid melting is due to biomass burning resulting from livestock pasture management.
CO2 from pasture maintenance fires, reforestation of pastures and soil carbon uptake on relief of grazing pressure may also play a part in a fast-acting solution to the climate crisis.
This video is a synopsis of the paper Gerard wrote that examines the contributions of agriculture, namely livestock farming, to planetary warming through the shorter-lived climate forcers, and the effect of animal agriculture abatement on alleviating global warming and environmental collapse. We also propose four policy measures to immediately reduce the shorter-lived warming agents.
(By: Gerard Wedderburn-Bisshop: Senior Scientist, World Preservation Foundation )
Giant green algae slick heads towards China
Tuesday, June 22nd, 2010
The algae bloom covered 200 square kilometres (80 square miles) and was about 13 kilometres (eight miles) offshore and floating towards the coastal city of Jiaonan in Shandong province, Xinhua news agency said.
The local branch of the State Oceanic Administration, which monitors marine conditions, is sending boats in a bid to clear the algae, it said.
Algae blooms are typically caused by pollution in China and suck up huge amounts of oxygen needed by marine wildlife to survive and leave a foul stench when they wash up on beaches, the report added.
In August 2008, a large offshore algae bloom threatened the sailing competition of the Olympic Games when it engulfed waters surrounding the event’s venue in the eastern China city of Qingdao, near Jiaonan.
Up to 10,000 soldiers and volunteers were enlisted to clean up more than a million tonnes of the foul-smelling algae as they raced to clear the waters in time for the Olympics.
According to a 2008 State Oceanic Administration report, raw sewage and pollution from agricultural run-off has polluted 83 percent of China’s coastal waters, leading to algae pollution and other problems.
In 2008, China’s coastal waters witnessed 68 red tides — another type of algae bloom — covering 13,700 square kilometres (5,500 square miles), an increase of more than 2,100 square kilometres over 2007, the report said.
Source: Giant green algae slick heads towards China - france24
Date: 22 June 2010
Scientist Takes Comprehensive Look at Human Impacts on Ocean Chemistry
Thursday, June 17th, 2010
Numerous studies are documenting the growing effects of climate change, carbon dioxide, pollution and other human-related phenomena on the world’s oceans. But most of those have studied single, isolated sources of pollution and other influences.
Now, a marine geochemist at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) has published a report in the latest issue of the journal Science that evaluates the total impact of such factors on the ocean and considers what the future might hold.
“What we do on land — agriculture, fossil fuel combustion and pollution — can have a profound impact on the chemistry of the sea,” says Scott C. Doney, a senior scientist at WHOI and author of the Science report.
“A whole range of these factors have been studied in isolation but have not been put in a single venue.”
Doney’s paper represents a meticulous compilation of the work of others as well as his own research in this area, which includes ocean acidification, climate change, and the global carbon cycle.
He concludes that climate change, rising atmospheric carbon dioxide, excess nutrient inputs, and the many forms of pollution area “altering fundamentally the…ocean, often on a global scale and, in some cases, at rates greatly exceeding those in the historical and recent geological record.”
Source: Scientist Takes Comprehensive Look at Human Impacts on Ocean Chemistry – physorg
Date: 17 June, 2010
UN urges global move to meat and dairy-free diet
Wednesday, June 2nd, 2010
Lesser consumption of animal products is necessary to save the world from the worst impacts of climate change, UN report says
A global shift towards a vegan diet is vital to save the world from hunger, fuel poverty and the worst impacts of climate change, a UN report said today.
As the global population surges towards a predicted 9.1 billion people by 2050, western tastes for diets rich in meat and dairy products are unsustainable, says the report from United Nations Environment Programme’s (UNEP) international panel of sustainable resource management.
It says: “Impacts from agriculture are expected to increase substantially due to population growth increasing consumption of animal products. Unlike fossil fuels, it is difficult to look for alternatives: people have to eat. A substantial reduction of impacts would only be possible with a substantial worldwide diet change, away from animal products.”
Professor Edgar Hertwich, the lead author of the report, said: “Animal products cause more damage than [producing] construction minerals such as sand or cement, plastics or metals. Biomass and crops for animals are as damaging as [burning] fossil fuels.”
The recommendation follows advice last year that a vegetarian diet was better for the planet from Lord Nicholas Stern, former adviser to the Labour government on the economics of climate change. Dr Rajendra Pachauri, chair of the UN’s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), has also urged people to observe one meat-free day a week to curb carbon emissions.
The panel of experts ranked products, resources, economic activities and transport according to their environmental impacts. Agriculture was on a par with fossil fuel consumption because both rise rapidly with increased economic growth, they said.
Ernst von Weizsaecker, an environmental scientist who co-chaired the panel, said: “Rising affluence is triggering a shift in diets towards meat and dairy products – livestock now consumes much of the world’s crops and by inference a great deal of freshwater, fertilisers and pesticides.”
Both energy and agriculture need to be “decoupled” from economic growth because environmental impacts rise roughly 80% with a doubling of income, the report found.
Achim Steiner, the UN under-secretary general and executive director of the UNEP, said: “Decoupling growth from environmental degradation is the number one challenge facing governments in a world of rising numbers of people, rising incomes, rising consumption demands and the persistent challenge of poverty alleviation.”
The panel, which drew on numerous studies including the Millennium ecosystem assessment, cites the following pressures on the environment as priorities for governments around the world: climate change, habitat change, wasteful use of nitrogen and phosphorus in fertilisers, over-exploitation of fisheries, forests and other resources, invasive species, unsafe drinking water and sanitation, lead exposure, urban air pollution and occupational exposure to particulate matter.
Agriculture, particularly meat and dairy products, accounts for 70% of global freshwater consumption, 38% of the total land use and 19% of the world’s greenhouse gas emissions, says the report, which has been launched to coincide with UN World Environment day on Saturday.
Last year the UN’s Food and Agriculture Organisation said that food production would have to increase globally by 70% by 2050 to feed the world’s surging population. The panel says that efficiency gains in agriculture will be overwhelmed by the expected population growth.
Prof Hertwich, who is also the director of the industrial ecology programme at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology, said that developing countries – where much of this population growth will take place – must not follow the western world’s pattern of increasing consumption: “Developing countries should not follow our model. But it’s up to us to develop the technologies in, say, renewable energy or irrigation methods.”
Source: UN urges global move to meat and dairy-free diet – The Guardian UK
Date: 02 June 2010
Study claims meat creates half of all greenhouse gases
Sunday, November 1st, 2009
Climate change emissions from meat production are far higher than currently estimated, according to a controversial new study that will fuel the debate on whether people should eat fewer animal products to help the environment.
In a paper published by a respected US thinktank, the Worldwatch Institute, two World Bank environmental advisers claim that instead of 18 per cent of global emissions being caused by meat, the true figure is 51 per cent.
They claim that United Nation’s figures have severely underestimated the greenhouse gases caused by tens of billions of cattle, sheep, pigs, poultry and other animals in three main areas: methane, land use and respiration.
Their findings – which are likely to prompt fierce debate among academics – come amid increasing from climate change experts calls for people to eat less meat.
In the 19-page report, Robert Goodland, a former lead environmental adviser to the World Bank, and Jeff Anhang, a current adviser, suggest that domesticated animals cause 32 billion tons of carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2e), more than the combined impact of industry and energy. The accepted figure is 18 per cent, taken from a landmark UN report in 2006, Livestock’s Long Shadow.
“If this argument is right,” write Goodland and Anhang, “it implies that replacing livestock products with better alternatives would be the best strategy for reversing climate change.”
“In fact, this approach would have far more rapid effects on greenhouse gas emissions and their atmospheric concentrations than actions to replace fossil fuels with renewable energy.”
Their call to move to meat substitutes accords with the views of the chairman of the UN’s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Dr Rajendra Pachauri, who has described eating less meat as “the most attractive opportunity” for making immediate changes to climate change.
Lord Stern of Brentford, author of the 2006 review into the economic consequences of global warming, added his name to the call last week, telling a newspaper interviewer: “Meat is a wasteful use of water and creates a lot of greenhouse gases. It puts enormous pressure on the world’s resources.”
Scientists are concerned about livestock’s exhalation of methane, a potent greenhouse gas. Cows and other ruminants emit 37 per cent of the world’s methane. A study by Nasa scientists published in Science on Friday found that methane has significantly more effect on climate change than previously thought: 33 times more than carbon dioxide, compared with a previous factor of 25.
According to Goodland and Anhang’s paper, which has not been peer-reviewed, scientists have significantly underestimated emissions of methane expelled by livestock. They argue that the gas’s impact should be calculated over 20 years, in line with its rapid effect – and the latest recommendation from the UN – rather than the 100 years favoured by Livestock’s Long Shadow. This, they say, would add a further 5bn tons of CO2e to livestock emissions – 7.9 per cent of global emissions from all sources.
Similarly, they claim that official figures are wrong to ignore CO2 emitted by breathing animals on the basis that it is offset by carbon photosynthesised by their food, arguing the existence of this unnecessary animal-based CO2 amounts to 8.7bn tons of CO2e, 3.7 per cent of total emissions.
On land use, they calculate that returning the land currently used for livestock to natural vegetation and forests would remove 2.6bn tons of CO2e from the atmosphere, 4.2 per cent of greenhouse gas. They also complain that the UN underestimated the amount of livestock, putting it at 21.7bn against NGO estimates of 50bn, adding that numbers have since risen by 12 per cent.
Eating meat rather than plants also requires extra refrigeration and cooking and “expensive” treatment of human diseases arising from livestock such as swine flu, they say.
While looking into the paper’s findings, Friends of the Earth said the report strengthened calls for the Government to act on emissions from meat production. “We already know that the meat and dairy industry causes more climate-changing emissions than all the world’s transport,” said Clare Oxborrow, senior food campaigner.
“These new figures need further scrutiny but, if they stack up, they provide yet more evidence of the urgent need to fix the food chain. The more damaging elements of the meat and dairy industry are effectively government-sponsored: millions of pounds of taxpayers’ money is spent propping up factory farms and subsidising the import of animal feed that’s been grown at the expense of forests.”
Justin Kerswell, campaign manager for the vegetarian group Viva!, said: “The case for reducing consumption of meat and dairy products was already imperative based on previous UN findings. Now it appears to have been proven that the environmental devastation from livestock production is in fact staggeringly more significant – and dwarfs the contribution from the transport sector by an even greater margin.”
“It is essential that attention is fully focused on the impact of livestock production by all global organisations with the power to affect policy.”
Source: Study claims meat creates half of all greenhouse gases – The Independent UK
Date: 01 November 2009
How the Maccas want to save the planet
Sunday, July 26th, 2009
THERE is a charming, seemingly random, video on YouTube of Paul McCartney demonstrating how to make mashed potatoes. It’s a recipe from Linda McCartney’s On Tour book (he is following the instructions from his own well-thumbed copy), and there is something endearing about the way he shows you Linda’s tip on how to chop an onion, as he hacks away with the knife in a way no professional chef would.
He is no Jamie Oliver. Obviously, Sir Paul has other talents, and his guide to making mash the Macca way, a video he made as the president of the UK’s Vegetarian Society, is just a bit of fun — the perfect accompaniment to a couple of Linda’s vegetarian sausages.
Food was a key part of Paul and Linda’s relationship, and when they went vegetarian in the Seventies, it was a spontaneous and joint decision, he says. “We were on the farm and we saw lambs gambolling and we were eating leg of lamb. So it was a compassionate thing. That seems to be the least important thing to people these days. It seems to have gone right out of the window, unfortunately.”
Linda’s food still brings the family together. They are actively involved in Linda McCartney Foods, which recently had a bit of a dust-off and a rebranding. They all taste and approve new recipes, and I imagine their freezers are well stocked with Linda’s burgers and sausages. It is important to them; it is their way of keeping her legacy alive. So when Sir Paul decided to launch the campaign Meat Free Monday — the aim of which is to persuade people to go veggie once a week to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from livestock — it was the perfect opportunity to get together for a rare public group hug.
As he muses over a suitable recipe for another cookery video to promote the campaign, he remembers one of his father’s favourite recipes: “Pea sandwiches. I remember my dad making one for John once.” His daughters — Mary, the photographer, and Stella, the fashion designer — groan. “It has to be Mum’s lasagne,” Mary says. We are in a leafy private garden in Notting Hill, at the back of the Portobello Hotel where, legend has it, Kate Moss took a champagne bath with Johnny Depp. Grand west London villas overlook the garden.
A small girl in a school boater is peeping out of her window, watching one of the most famous men in the world being photographed. Sir Paul waves at her cheerily, and she disappears. While Mary prepares to take the photographs, Sir Paul takes a tiny mouth organ from his pocket and plays as Stella, wearing a vintage powder-blue dress, her high heels making her long legs look even longer, sings along.
“This is why Bob Dylan wants to write songs with you,” she laughs. It’s a family joke. Despite news reports that the two musicians are about to record together, Sir Paul tells me later that the rumour is unfounded. “No, that’s a newspaper thing. He just said some very complimentary things about me in some interviews, and I love him. I think he’s a great poet and writer, so I’ve always admired him. I don’t rule it out and I admire him. But we’re not the kind of people who would ring each other up.”
Mary, dressed in a kimono-style top, has her mother’s angular elegance. She takes her place in the picture, arranges her father’s hair, which is blowing in the wind, and presses the shutter. The McCartneys are famously vegetarian, but Stella says that for the sake of this particular debate she wishes they weren’t — this is not an evangelical mission to make the world veggie but an attempt to slow climate change.
“It’s an environmental conversation, not a vegetarian one,” Stella says. “It’s OK to just give up meat for one day, it doesn’t make you a vegetarian, it doesn’t make you a cranky, hemp-wearing pot-smoker, it doesn’t make you the kind of person you don’t want to be.”
Sir Paul read about the campaign in America and decided he needed to get involved. Meatout Mondays have been promoted by the American charity Farm (Farm Animal Rights Movement) since 1985, and the Meat Free Mondays campaign was set up in Australia by a health food company, Sanitarium, in 2005.
Cynics might say that Paul McCartney’s campaign is a marketing strategy to sell more of Linda’s frozen foods — veggie bangers and mash is a great quick and healthy Monday supper — but despite the battering that the McCartney investment portfolio is reported to have taken of late, he is hardly short of money. As he says, he doesn’t need to be here promoting this cause. And Stella, who is in multi-tasking overdrive, editing a photo shoot in between having her picture taken, certainly doesn’t. But he is here, and part of Paul McCartney’s charm is the fact that he is 100 percent believable.
Over the past year, he has been writing letters to celebrities and chefs, talking to schools and galvanising support from as many people as he can, including Woody Harrelson , Doris Day and Ricky Gervais. A few weeks ago, he held a press conference to launch the campaign at Oliver Peyton’s London restaurant Inn the Park. Peyton, a fully fledged bone marrow-sucking carnivore, has agreed to promote meat-free dishes every Monday at the restaurant.
The musician Moby, a vegan for 22 years, was there. Yoko Ono turned up, looking suitably eccentric in a jaunty naval outfit, her Meat Free Monday badge pinned alongside another that said simply, Imagine Peace. She chatted to Sir Paul’s son, James, also a musician, as they tucked into Linda McCartney burgers and hotdogs. The campaign has some weighty research behind it, not least from the United Nations. “Dad got the report,” says Mary, who is softly spoken but has a cool air of authority about her. “You were sent the report weren’t you?” She looks at her father, who is quietly whistling to himself.
He is a great advertisement for a vegetarian diet, looking far more youthful than his 67 years. “Yeah, Livestock’s Long Shadow, it was called. The UN, who are our appointed global watchdog, said, ‘Hey, cattle rearing is more harmful than all transport’. That is the statistic I thought was shocking, because until then I thought it was aeroplanes, cars and trucks…” According to the 2006 report, livestock is responsible for 18 per cent of the world’s greenhouse gas emissions, which is indeed a bigger share than that of transport, which accounts for 13 per cent.
“We’re not talking about just a few cows, we’re talking billions,” Sir Paul says. “I took a drive from Santa Fe down to El Paso, and you go past about 15-20 miles of cattle and it’s the same cow — it’s a brown and white cow. There are billions of them! And that’s where it hits home. That’s where the methane’s coming from, not just a couple of cows on a farm. It’s not just Daisy and Buttercup any more.”
It seems that environmentalists and the UN Food and Agriculture Organisation have come to the same conclusion as the McCartneys: that rearing billions of cows to make beef burgers is not a good idea. It’s the first time not eating meat is being promoted by scientists — “traditional eaters”, as Sir Paul calls them, not vegetarians with a vested interest. For Stella and Mary, following their father’s lead is perfectly natural. Linda would certainly have been there, waving her placard. She was talking about the relationship between food and the environment long before the UN decided to act.
“Ideally, yes, be vegetarian,” Mary says. “But if not, just reduce your meat intake.”
Listening to them running through the arguments and the statistics, you feel this is a typical discussion that would happen over a family nut roast. Occasionally, they talk over each other and finish each other’s sentences.
“It can be so overwhelming,” Stella admits. “You can feel so, ‘Oh God, but I’ve got to get that plane to there and I’ve got to drive my car with my three kids to here’. You are led to believe that transport is the main problem, but actually it’s diet. To be honest, we could sit and bang on about it…”
Sir Paul: “… but we don’t want to bang on, we don’t want to say to you, ‘Look, you have to go veggie.’ The idea is that it’s for the environment, for your children’s future: would you consider just one day a week changing your habits? And then if you decide to do two days, three, four, then so much the better, it would have a huge impact.”
Stella: “If everyone gave it up on a Monday, it would be more effective than everyone stopping driving their car on a Monday. We are not perfect. It’s so important to get that across because it’s like, ‘Oh, those bloody Maccas, talking again about not killing cows!’ But the reality is, I like to think I am trying to do my little bit. I will turn off a light when I leave a room; I will turn off a socket if I don’t want to be using the socket. And those are tiny little things.”
Paul: “Even President Obama tells you to do that.”
On average we are eating twice the amount of meat we ate in 1961, the year the Beatles first performed at the Cavern club in Liverpool.
“The idea of having one type of meat for your breakfast and another type of meat for your lunch, and then another type for your dinner, and in between having your sandwiches with another kind of meat, we really do eat too much of it,” says Paul.
To produce a single kilogram of beef, farmers have to feed a cow 15kg of grain and 30kg of forage. It is a highly intensive business that is ultimately not sustainable. Livestock production is responsible for 70 per cent of the deforestation of the Amazon jungle and, by 2050, the world’s livestock population is expected to rise from 60 billion farm animals to 120 billion. It is a scary fact when you consider that a single cow can produce 500 litres of methane per day, which has around 25 times the global warming impact of CO2.
“I think we forget more and more that we are animals,” says Stella, “and we are part of a planetary system where all of the animals are on this planet together and you are made to feel like a hippy-dippy jerk that should go and live in a tipi for even making a point of remembering.”
Stella is the most vocal of the three, passionately backing up her father, shaking her head, saying “it’s all money, money, money!” about the projected growth of the meat industry (world demand for meat is estimated to double by 2050) and butting in with the odd comment like: “Greed is not a good look. I was brought up to think this was not a good look. Everything in moderation.” And she knows her stuff.
She urges me (and you) to watch a film called Home that was made by the aerial photographer, Yann Arthus-Bertrand, and launched recently on World Environment Day. You can link to it from her website stellamcartney.com.
As she says, she tries to do her bit. Although she already incorporates sustainable and organic fabrics in her mainline collection, she also designs a capsule Green Collection which is as purely ethical and sustainable as she can make it and is sold at Barneys in New York and Harvey Nichols in London. On her website, in between pictures of models looking supremely cool and confident in her clothes, if you click on the “Green me” button, you can read Stella’s eco tips — small things we can all do to help slow down global warming. Her London shop is powered by Ecotricity. Her skincare range, Care, is made using 100 per cent organic active ingredients and is Eco-certified. And of course, she tells her celebrity friends off for wearing fur and she doesn’t use leather.
“In my industry, there is no alternative in people’s minds to leather shoes. Now I’m not making a leather shoe. I’m doing all right. We can get by. Things change. Humans are the best animals — the best adapters on the the planet. We adapt quicker than a tree does in the rainforest.”
In March, she was given an award by the Natural Resources Defence Council (which works to protect wildlife and wild places) in New York.
“I was lucky enough to present that to her,” says Paul. “I said that when she joined the fashion world, she first of all was employed by Gucci and my first thought, and Linda’s, was ‘Uh-oh, Gucci is leather city.’ When you think of Gucci, you think of leather. We thought how long is it going to be before she caves in on her principles? And we waited, and we waited, and we waited, and she never did. That is a fantastic achievement… and that’s what’s great about new ideas, different ideas, people catch the fire, they get excited.”
While Stella feels she has been pilloried for her principles, her determination seems to have paid off. Just as the fashion world has finally come round to her big idea of wearing jumpsuits and your boyfriend’s jacket, we seem to have arrived at a moment when having principles is not such a bad thing.
It is perhaps no coincidence that she is the only fashion person to be included in Time magazine’s annual 100 most influential people this year.
Just as any father would, Sir Paul admits to having the magazine on his kitchen table, open at the relevant page — a tribute written by Stella’s friend, Gwyneth Paltrow: “Even if you are not vegetarian, somehow Stella gets you to believe. She manages to convince you (never sanctimoniously from a soapbox) that killing animals is needless and cruel and bad for the environment.”
Sir Paul: “She could have caved in and we almost would have forgiven her. The pressures were so huge, but the fact is that she did not…”
Stella cuts in: “I just think I’ve been very lucky. I think I’ve been brought up in a certain way. Mary’s like that, my brother [James] and sisters [Heather from Linda's first marriage, and Beatrice from her father's second] are like that. My husband’s like that. It was very hard in my industry especially to have those kind of principles and I did have the mickey taken out of me until about a year ago. And people will probably read this and chuck it on their barbie and cook beef on it, but the reality is I’m more impressed by people who take a risk, and I think in this day and age…”
Sir Paul: “It’s how the world changes.”
Stella: “I try to keep my head down and get on with it and design pretty frocks. That’s my job. And Dad makes pretty good records when he’s given half an hour in between his potato mashing, and Mary’s a fantastic photographer. We don’t want to come across as forcing people to think a certain way, I think it’s just a very valid issue and life’s too short to not do something you believe in. You’ve only got a short little period on the planet to make something of your life.”
With all of this passion and desire for change, I wonder if Sir Paul will be writing a Dylan-style protest song to promote the cause. “I do have a few sort of animal awareness songs, but they are very difficult to write. I wrote one called Looking for Changes that was applauded by Peta [People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals], which started off with ‘I saw a cat with a machine in its brain’, you know that picture? A hardcore picture. That made me write that,but it’svery, very hard to do and it’s not my forte. Iwish it was, that would be kind of nice to be driven in that direction.
“We’re going to get a bit of flak for this campaign,” he adds. He can’t resist singing into my Dictaphone before turning it off. “Why do we feel we need to do it? Because Meat Free Monday is a damn good idea. I mean, what are you going to tell your kids? That we can do something about it. This is one of those things that you can do.”
For more details on Meat Free Monday visit www.supportmfm.org
Source: How the Maccas want to save the planet – Independent Woman
Date: 26 July 2009
Vegetarians welcome call to eat less meat
Tuesday, July 8th, 2008
The vegetarian lobby has seized on the Cabinet Office’s suggestion that an environmentally responsible diet should contain less meat and dairy products.
In its report on government food policy – ‘Food Matters: Towards a Strategy for the 21st Century’ – the Cabinet Office states that if the food industry is to remain sustainable, people must start eating less meat and prices should rise to reflect the environmental costs of meat production.
The Vegetarian Society has welcomed the recommendation, describing it as a “wake-up call” on the environmental impact of eating meat.
Annette Pinner, chief executive of the Vegetarian Society, said: “We are encouraged that the government has finally woken up to the devastating impact of livestock farming on the environment.
“However, it is hardly surprising that the public is unaware of the link, when the government’s own flagship website, ActonCO2, fails to make a single reference to the carbon impact of a meat-based diet.
“We now need to ensure that meat and dairy reduction are part of a co-ordinated strategy to reduce our carbon emissions, individually and globally.”
The report, commissioned by PM Gordon Brown, does recognise the nutritional benefits of meat consumption and the crucial role of livestock farming in sustaining biodiversity in the UK. However, it points out that more must be done to control agricultural emissions, which do not currently fall under emissions trading schemes.
“Almost half of the UK food chain’s total greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions come from agriculture,” states the report. “There is no equivalent to a carbon price on emissions of methane and nitrous oxide, which account for around 80% of the global warming potential of farming’s greenhouse gas emissions. This is not sustainable or efficient in the long term.”
Source: Vegetarians welcome call to eat less meat – Meat Info UK
Date: 08 July 2008
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