Posts Tagged ‘Flora’

Over 25% of flowers face extinction – many before they are even discovered

Wednesday, July 7th, 2010

The giant carnivorous plant, Nepenthes attenboroughii, is under threat of extinction - along with 25% of all others on earth

The giant carnivorous plant, Nepenthes attenboroughii, is under threat of extinction - along with 25% of all others on earth

Scientists say human activity could spell end for a quarter of all flowering plants, with huge impact on food chain

More than one-in-four of all flowering plants are under threat of extinction according to the latest report to confirm the ongoing destruction of much of the natural world by human activity.

As a result, many of nature’s most colourful specimens could be lost to the world before scientists even discover them.

One-in-five of all mammals, nearly one-in-three amphibians and one-in-eight birds are vulnerable to being wiped out completely.

The researchers started by carrying out an independent review of how many flowering plants – which make up most of the plant kingdom – exist. The team calculated that there is another 10-20%, which has still to be officially discovered.

The second stage was to assess the level of threats from habitat loss due to clearing land for planting crops or trees, development, or indirect causes such as falling groundwater levels and pollution.

A study published in the journal Endangered Species Research in 2008, which estimated that one-in-five known species were vulnerable to extinction.

The warning comes as there is growing international recognition of the value of the natural world to humans in providing ecosystem services, from flood protection and medicines to spiritual spaces and enjoyment.

“Plants are the basis for much of life on earth with virtually all other species depending on them; if you get rid of those you get rid of a lot of the things above them,” David Roberts, at the University of Kent added.

Source: Over 25% of flowers face extinction – many before they are even discovered - guardian.co.uk

Date: 07 July 2010

Japan donates 10 million dollars for Galapagos solar energy

Saturday, July 3rd, 2010

Japan has donated 10 million dollars to Ecuador to help fund a solar energy project in the Galapagos Islands, a UN-designated World Heritage site, Ecuador’s Electricity Ministry said Friday.

An agreement between Quito and the Japan International Cooperation System Company will help start a plan to introduce “clean energy with solar generation systems to be located on Baltra Island,” one of 13 islands that form the archipelago, the ministry said in a statement.

The project, part of a larger push for cooperation between the governments of Japan and Ecuador, aims to “mitigate the effects of global warming, reducing the emission of greenhouse gases,” the statement added.

According to the ministry, the money will be use to buy equipment, facilities and “a photovoltaic system.”

The Galapagos were declared a World Heritage site by UNESCO some three decades ago in acknowledgement of the area’s rich flora and fauna both on land and in the surrounding sea.

Source: Japan donates 10 million dollars for Galapagos solar energy – france24

Date: 03 July 2010

Loss of forests = Loss of species

Thursday, February 18th, 2010

Loss of forests equates to a loss of many species. Brazil has around 55,000 species of flora, or 22% of the world’s total. India has about 46,000 species of flora and some 81,000 animal species or 8% of the world’s biodiversity.

Source: Loss of Biodiversity and Extinctions – GlobalIssues.org

Date:  Last updated: 1 Dec 2009

2,300 Brazilian flora species in danger of extinction

Thursday, February 18th, 2010

A study conducted by 175 scientists across 752 areas of the country that contain what is considered crucial biodiversity found that nearly 2,300 plant species are in danger of extinction. This is a dramatic rise from the Brazilian government’s 2008 estimates of only 472.

Source: Brazil flora risk greater than thought: study – India Environment Portal

Date: 1 July 2009

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